Walking into your local collective for the first time may be a little intimidating for new patients. Many co-ops are brightly lit and display glass cases full of marijuana, concentrates and edibles. But many members do not know where to start. At the base, medical marijuana strains can be broken down into two categories. These two strains have also been bred into hybrid varieties. Knowing how these different marijuana strains affect the body and mind can help patients choose appropriate medication for their specific needs.
Cannabis sativa strains of marijuana are known to have higher levels of Cannabidiol (CBD) than tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). For this reason, a sativa will give the user a cerebral high without the sedative effects. Users of sativas can expect a more uplifting high. This allows members of collectives to take their medication safely with little worry about falling asleep or forgetting important matters. It is also less common for these strains to induce anxiety which makes it an excellent choice for anyone that suffers from such ailments.
With higher levels of THC, indica varieties of marijuana are best known for their sedative effects. Many patients prefer to use indicas at night because it delivers a calming and numbing experience which helps them relax. It is also a good choice for chronic pain sufferers and those with muscle spasms. However, a contrast exists in which the sedative compounds found in indica varieties of marijuana are also associated with a higher likelihood of anxiety and paranoia.
Hybrid strains of marijuana have been produced through human manipulation for specific genetic characteristics. Much like dog breeding, seedlings are carefully chosen and propagated to enhance the preferred characteristics of indicas and sativas while minimizing the unwanted effects. These varieties have been developed to intensify specific characteristics of the plant. More or less CBD or THC content determines the physical sensations and high experienced by patients. Innovations in plant cloning have allowed breeders to keep hybrid strains true to their original, hand-picked, components.
The chemical composition of cannabis strains account for the different effect each type has on users. Sativa and Indica are the only medically proven strains of marijuana. Their counterparts, ruderalis and hemp, have very low cannabinoids and are much better suited for fiber and seed manufacturing. Also, female cannabis plants, regardless of strain, are usually the only flowers available at your local marijuana collective because they produce the trichomes, or resin glands, that contain the necessary compounds needed for optimal medicinal advantages.