Remediation for the Removal of THC – When it comes to extracting THC from hemp oil, you have two primary options: chromatography or T-SEP, the revolutionary new technique created by Precision®. Both of these alternatives have advantages and disadvantages, which we shall discuss.
- CBD and THC have identical boiling points, hence a remediation process must be utilized to separate the two cannabinoids.
- Chromatography is likely the most prevalent technique for THC cleansing.
- There are several varieties of chromatography, but flash chromatography is the most common.
- It is pricey, which deters some individuals.
However, it has a 99.9% THC elimination rate. Chromatography is accomplished by using the distinct polarities of CBD and THC. CBD and THC are composed of the same atoms but have a distinct molecular structure; thus, they are quite similar. Polarity, which is employed in chromatography to extract THC from cannabis distillate, is one of the major distinctions between the two substances.
CBD is more polar than THC. The distillate is poured into the chromatograph column, where solvent, filter medium, and pressure are utilized to separate CBD and THC. The solvent and medium employed will affect whether THC or CBD filters out first. THC will go with the column and media since it is less polar, but CBD will move with the solvent and leave second.
In reverse phase chromatography, CBD is first separated using a particular type of filter medium in the column. By monitoring using a chromatograph during either procedure, you will be able to detect the THC levels in the column that are separated from the remainder of the distillate.
The T-SEP procedure, also known as the THC separation process, is a novel and revolutionary method for THC remediation. It is far less expensive than chromatography, is as efficient, and eliminates over 99% of THC. In contrast to conventional chromatography, the T-SEP method employs simply solvent to separate CBD and THC.
This process is known as liquid-liquid separation. Similar to how oil and water do not mix, a particular mixture of solvents is added to the crude over the course of three ‘washes’ to produce a THC-free concentrate.
Can CBD be separated from THC?
Consumers are drawn to the potential health advantages of CBD, but are aware that THC and other lesser cannabinoids present naturally in hemp. They do not wish to take THC because they do not wish to experience the “high” associated with THC or because they do not wish to test positive for THC in a work drug screening.
The good news is that THC can be isolated from CBD, allowing CBD to be ingested without the presence of undesired THC. Hemp distillate with suspended CBD crystals. CBD oil, CBD extracts, and CBD distillate can be freed of THC in a number of methods. The goods may be THC-free (THC-free) or contain less than 0.3% THC, which does not cause a “high.” Broad Spectrum CBD Broad-spectrum products contain all cannabinoids with low THC concentrations (less than 0.3% by weight).
Not to be confused with THC-Free or T-Free oil, which does not contain THC. To separate cannabinoids, chromatographic techniques such as flash chromatography and CPC employ solvents and a stationary phase. During these procedures, THC is separated from the other cannabinoids.
There is, however, the undesirable consequence of losing part or all of the minor cannabinoids and CBD in the THC portion. In addition to using huge amounts of solvents, chromatographic techniques extract THC at a rather sluggish rate and result in the loss of some CBD. In addition, an experienced operator must be present at all times throughout operation.
SCB-15 THC Cleanup System SCB-15 – THC Decontamination System Without Solvents The SBC solvent-free remediation system is yet another method for eliminating THC from full-spectrum CBD. This method of THC elimination is solvent-free. It maintains the optimal vacuum, temperature, and other conditions to eliminate THC (and some CBD) from CBD oil using automation.
- On occasion, an operator monitors the THC concentration using Near-Infrared or HPLC.
- In 12 to 24 hours, up to 100 liters of CBD or CBG oil can be decontaminated.
- Pure CBD By crystallizing CBD oil/extract/distillate, pure CBD (also known as isolate) may be generated.
- CBD oil is combined with pentane and then chilled until CBD crystallizes (crashes out).
CBD crystals are filtered, washed, and dried. Greater than 99 percent purity is conceivable. Re-crystallization can further boost the purity. In addition to removing all THC, lesser cannabinoids are also eliminated. Crystalline CBD or “Isolate” Full spectrum CBD The “entourage effect” refers to the synergistic effects of cannabinoids and terpenes acting in concert within the body.
- It has been studied for many years, but we are only now beginning to comprehend some of the potential.
- Depending on the pairings, the entourage effect can have a wide variety of effects.
- Full spectrum refers to cannabis extracts or oils that include all of the plant’s naturally occurring cannabinoids.
Typically, hemp products contain greater than 0.3% THC. To remain in compliance with regulatory requirements, THC must be eliminated. Distillate
THC Remediation – THC remediation is the process of producing a compliant distillate with less than 0.3% THC. This is the legal maximum for CBD and hemp products that may be sold in the United States. When hemp undergoes the extraction process, the trace quantity of THC in the plant gets concentrated and must be eliminated prior to the formation of the final product.
- Chromatography is one of the most used methods for THC remediation.
- Typically, a flash chromatography method is utilized to selectively target and extract the THC cannabinoid from a combination.
- Although it is difficult to completely eliminate THC, it is feasible to reduce it to the legal level of 0.3%.
CBD and THC possess opposing polarity. This polarity difference causes THC and CBD to separate at differing rates. A flash chromatography system employs solvents and specialized media to drive this separation and collect fractions based on the varying polarity of the substances.
Does light destroy THC?
Light and THC degradation – Light, notably UV rays, contribute to THC decomposition. These rays contribute to the decomposition of organic substances, including cannabis plants. Because of this, it is crucial to store your cannabis in dark locations where it will not be exposed to sunlight.
Are you interested in enhancing your cannabis and hemp oil extraction techniques? In this blog post, Maratek will provide an overview of the cannabis and hemp oil distillation process and how it contributes to the production of a pure, consistent product.
- Define distillation.
- During distillation, a material is heated into a vapor and then cooled back into a liquid.
- This method can be used to separate substances having varying boiling points.
- There are several versions of this procedure, which are depending on the system’s components, temperature, and pressure.
Distillation is suitable for the separation of substances with drastically differing boiling points. When heated, the more volatile liquid will evaporate and move through the system, condensing back into a liquid when it reaches a cold condenser. This results in the separation of the volatile chemical from the original product.
- What use does distillation provide for cannabis oil? Utilizing distillation, the cannabis and hemp business further purifies crude oil.
- In general, solvents such as ethanol or CO 2 are used in the extraction process to separate crude oil from plant biomass.
- By eliminating additional volatiles and impurities from the crude oil, the distillation machinery subsequently generates a pure product, which is often THC or CBD distillate.
Before obtaining the desired final product, distillation may require many passes to eliminate all undesirable components. The first run often eliminates volatiles with a low boiling point. A second pass concentrates on distilling the desired cannabinoids, leaving behind unwanted impurities like as waxes, sugars, and plant residue.
- This produces a pure product with the required cannabinoids or terpenes, depending on the company’s aim.
- Multiple passes may be required if a corporation does not apply a winterization procedure to its products.
- Winterization eliminates impurities, such as fats and waxes, from the original oil extraction.
Without this step, these impurities remain in the solution and must be eliminated by distillation in order to obtain a clean end product. Repeated pieces of distillation equipment that are directly linked to one another decrease the requirement for multiple runs through a single system.
Short-path distillation is the most prevalent distillation system type. It is advantageous because the vapor travels a shorter distance before condensing, which allows the device to occupy less space. The crude oil is placed in the flask’s bottom, where it is heated to commence the distillation process.
This technology is frequently employed on a smaller scale since it requires more manual operation or monitoring. The wipe film distillation system is comparable equipment. The only difference between this system and the one described before is the addition of a wiper blade that applies an initial feed product layer to the chamber walls.
This thin covering decreases the amount of time the product is subjected to heat. This device mitigates the possibility that prolonged exposure to heat will destroy cannabis products. Additionally, the wipers’ equal distribution promotes more constant evaporation and condensation rates. The continuous feed capabilities of wiped film short route distillation, which boost productivity and efficiency, may further contribute to its widespread adoption.
Continuous feed assists operations by facilitating the production of large quantities and preserving uniformity. Due to the continuous feed and wipers, this procedure is more automated and hence more suited for large-scale operations. Typically, a system’s temperatures and pressures may be adjusted to meet a business’s unique objectives.
- Changing the pressure can influence the boiling temperatures of certain compounds, making it simpler to remove them from a product.
- If boiling temperatures are decreased, the risk of overheating and product degradation is likewise diminished.
- After the extraction process, distillation is quite straightforward.
After removing all unwanted substances during the extraction process, the purest form of crude oil remains. As this is not a one-size-fits-all approach, the industry wants you to focus on both scaling up for the general market and scaling down for smaller, more localized requirements.
- As short route distillation requires less pressure to be applied to the distillate, it is more prevalent and advantageous when working with volatile chemicals and purifying tiny quantities of material.
- Using heat, pressure, and humidity, the residual contaminants and solvent extraction residue are extracted.
The cannabis extract is broken down into its component chemicals through the short route. As THC and CBD have somewhat different boiling points, they are separated at various temperatures. It is more efficient and produces superior results when performed on a big scale with industrial-grade equipment.
After distillation, the cannabis concentrate contains a greater concentration of CBD or THC than the crude oil. The distillates of various cannabinoids can then be combined to tailor a product. If more purification is necessary, the distillate can be processed through an isolate production machine to yield cannabinoids that are up to 99.9% pure.
Want to learn more about the cannabis and hemp extraction industry’s distillation process? The short route distillation systems developed by Maratek will increase the purity of your product. Contact us immediately for further details.
How can CBD be extracted at home from hemp?
Decarboxylation: CBD Activation – To produce CBD oil, the CBD must be transformed from its inactive precursor CBDA by decarboxylation. CBDA is an acid that has several health advantages, however it lacks the qualities of CBD. Yes, you have accurately read that.
There is no CBD in unprocessed, uncooked hemp plants. In order to extract CBD from hemp, you must first activate it with heat before mixing the plant material with your preferred solvent. CBD can be activated by different types of heating. The oven technique is the most frequent decarboxylation method for manufacturing CBD oil at home.
Some individuals use a slow cooker, which is an additional economical method for activating CBD. However, these approaches are inaccurate and may not effectively activate your cannabinoids. Decarboxylation requires a decarboxylator, also known as a precision cooker, for perfect execution.
Unfortunately, pesticides have been detected in your distillate, but there are ways to eliminate them. The LPE is carried out with the distillate suspended in a non-polar alkane, then washed with a spectrum of salines having a pH-balanced composition. This removes the water-solubles and buffers the solution in preparation for SPE adsorption.
What temperature degrades terpenes?
The influence of temperature on terpenes – Terpenes evaporate from the plant in contrast to phytocannabinoids such as THC and CBD. This implies that if these terpenes are exposed to excessive heat, either during manufacture, lab analysis, or ingestion, they may vanish.
Some terpenes begin to evaporate at temperatures as low as 70°F, whereas the majority begin to deteriorate at around 100°F. This not only affects the flavor and aroma of the cannabis product, but also its effects. Terpenes, particularly when combined, can enhance the effects of phytocannabinoids, a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.
The terpenes myrcene, beta caryophyllene, and linalool, for instance, are commonly connected with a calming impact; they are believed to induce peaceful, tranquil sensations. However, if these terpenes decay or evaporate before to intake, the lab test findings detecting and measuring the terpenes will no longer be meaningful.
- Common terpene boiling temperatures The moment at which a terpene entirely evaporates is its boiling point.
- This is significantly higher than the temperature at which terpenes begin to evaporate, but slightly lower than the temperature at which the majority of phytocannabinoids burn off.
- Here are some boiling points of typical cannabis terpenes: Myrcene has a boiling point between 166oC and 168oC (about 330oF).
Myrcene is one of the most prevalent cannabis terpenes. It is distinguished by its smoky scents and tastes. Also present in eucalyptus, thyme, and hops is the chemical compound myrcene. Linalool begins to evaporate around 198 °C (or 388.4 °F). Linalool is also recognized for its sedative properties, but it is often less plentiful than terpenes such as myrcene.
- It is widely found in lavender and is famous for its flowery aroma.
- Alpha pinene has a boiling point of 156°C (or approximately 312°F).
- Pine trees also contain pinene, which is believed to have an uplifting effect.
- Beta-Caryophyllene reaches its boiling point at a lower temperature than most other terpenes, beginning to evaporate at 119°C (approximately 246°F).
It is a distinctive terpene in that it impacts the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in a manner similar to that of phytocannabinoids. Black pepper contains beta caryophyllene, which produces a smoky, peppery scent and flavor. Limonene: Limonene boils at approximately 177°C (around 350°F).
As its name implies, limonene is abundant in citrus. Its smells and scents like those of a lemon, and the terpene is said to provide an energizing boost upon ingestion. These boiling temperatures are essential for customers who wish to appreciate terpene content. If a customer desires to taste limonene terpenes, for instance, he or she may not want to heat cannabis over 350°F without eliminating the terpene concentration entirely.
As cannabis consumers grow more discerning, marketers are aware that they are inquisitive about which terpene profiles work best for them. Laboratory analysis can reveal which terpenes are present, in what quantities, and in what proportions.