What to Do if Your Dog Consumes Marijuana | Pet Marijuana Poisoning All kinds of marijuana are hazardous to dogs and cats. Marijuana consumption is far more prevalent in dogs than in cats, as dogs are less selective about what they consume. Typically, within 30 to 90 minutes after ingesting marijuana, dogs manifest clinical symptoms.
What should I do if my dog consumes marijuana?
Even though it is embarrassing, take your dog to the veterinarian after he has consumed marijuana. You may feel apprehensive about telling the veterinarian what occurred, but keep in mind that the veterinarian will not share this information with police enforcement.
Cannabis sativa has been utilized for ages due to the euphoric properties of its resins. Typically, the name “marijuana” refers to preparations of the leaves and flowers that resemble tobacco. The plant contains about 400 compounds, but -9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most psychotropic.
Hashish is the resin derived from the flowering plant tops and typically has a significantly greater THC content. In the United States, marijuana is the most often used illegal substance. Currently, a number of states have decriminalized possession of small amounts of marijuana for both medicinal and personal use, and a number of additional states are considering similar legislation.
Inhaling the smoke of marijuana cigarettes is the most popular method of marijuana usage among humans, followed by ingesting. Although secondhand smoke inhalation is conceivable in animals, swallowing of the owner’s marijuana supply is the most typical route of exposure.
- The minimal oral fatal dosage of THC for dogs is greater than 3 g/kg.
- Ingestion of food products containing the more concentrated medical-grade THC butter has resulted in fatalities, despite the drug’s substantial margin of safety.
- CB1 (mainly in the central nervous system) and CB2 are the two cannabinoid receptors found in humans and dogs (peripheral tissues).
The onset of clinical effects in mice following oral administration occurs within 60 minutes. There are yet unidentified neuropharmacologic processes through which cannabinoids cause psychoactive effects. It is hypothesized that CB1 activation is responsible for the bulk of cannabis clinical effects.
- THC is dispersed in adipose, liver, brain, and renal tissue because of its high lipid solubility.
- Fifteen percent of THC is removed in the urine, while the remainder is eliminated by biliary excretion in the feces.
- Depression, hypersalivation, mydriasis, hypermetria, vomiting, urine incontinence, tremors, hypothermia, and bradycardia are clinical indications of canine poisoning.
In addition, higher doses may produce nystagmus, agitation, tachypnea, tachycardia, ataxia, hyperexcitability, and convulsions. The majority of treatment for marijuana consumption in animals is supportive. Continuous monitoring of vital signs, including temperature, pulse rate, and cardiac rhythm, is required.
- Cannabinoids can be detected in both stomach contents and urine.
- Gas chromatography and mass spectrometry can be used to identify THC, however they can take several days and are impractical for therapeutic commencement.
- Due to the interference of a high variety of metabolites in canine urine, human urine drug screening tests for the confirmation of marijuana toxicosis in dogs are sometimes inaccurate.
False negatives may also occur if testing happens too soon after THC consumption. Consequently, the use of human urine drug screening tests on dogs remains contentious. There is currently no known antidote for THC toxicity. If dogs are really anxious, it may be essential to sedate them using benzodiazepines.
Fluids administered intravenously may be used to combat chronic vomiting and to assist regulate body temperature. Recently, intralipid treatment has been used to lessen clinical symptoms by binding the highly lipophilic THC. The majority of dogs suffering from marijuana intoxication recover fully without lasting effects.
Human medications with central nervous system stimulatory effects, drugs with central nervous system depressive effects, macrolide parasiticides, xylitol, and hallucinogenic mushrooms are differential diagnoses for canine THC toxicosis. All rights reserved.
How long does a dog’s toxicity to weeds last?
What symptoms can pet owners anticipate if their dog or cat has been poisoned by marijuana? – Walking intoxicated Disorientation Expanded pupils Anxiety or sedation Hyperactivity Tremors Drooling Vomiting Urinary stress incontinence Slow or quick heartbeat slowed respiration Coma Dogs and cats often exhibit symptoms of marijuana toxicity one to three hours after exposure.
Manifestations Of Poisoning In Dogs – If you are aware that your dog has consumed a potentially dangerous chemical, you should seek veterinarian advice and/or treatment immediately. However, there are instances in which your dog may have ingested a toxic substance without your knowing.
It is important to note that the typical period for poisoning symptoms to manifest is three to four days. Although occasionally symptoms appear immediately, it might take months for certain poisons to cause harm. If your dog has consumed anything that may be dangerous, the absence of symptoms does not indicate that it has not been impacted.